Relationship of aerobic fitness with cardiovascular risk factors in firefighters.
Work. 2016 Sep 27;55(1):155-161. Seyedmehdi SM1, Attarchi M2,3, Cherati AS4, Hajsadeghi S5, Tofighi R6, Jamaati H7.
Epidemiological studies on the general population have shown that increased physical activity and aerobic fitness (AF) significantly decrease the risk of coronary artery disease. Finding ways to decrease such risk factors can promote the health of firefighters.
This study was conducted in a large industrial facility in Tehran. AF assessment and submaximal aerobic fitness testing of participants were performed according to the guidelines of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). AF was determined using a bicycle ergometer. Other information was collected using a specifically designed questionnaire, physical examination and blood test. Data were analyzed using SPSS. Level of significance was set at P < 0.05.
A total of 157 male firefighters were evaluated in an industrial facility. The results of logistic regression analysis revealed that AF was significantly correlated with age, body mass index (BMI), cigarette smoking, physical activity, hemoglobin level, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) level, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) level, resting systolic blood pressure (RSBP), diastolic blood pressure (RDBP) and heart rate (RHR) (P < 0.05).
Firefighters with greater AF had lower cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Longitudinal studies are required to further confirm this finding. Increasing the AF may decrease CVD risk factors in firefighters.