Predicting worsening asthma control following the common cold.
Eur Respir J. 2008 Sep 3. Walter MJ, Castro M, Kunselman SJ, Chinchilli VM, Reno M, Ramkumar TP, Avila PC, Boushey HA, Ameredes BT, Bleecker ER, Calhoun WJ, Cherniack RM, Craig TJ, Denlinger LC, Israel E, Fahy JV, Jarjour NN, Kraft M, Lazarus SC, Lemanske RF Jr, Martin RJ, Peters SP, Ramsdell JW, Sorkness CA, Sutherland ER, Szefler SJ, Wasserman SI, Wechsler ME; for the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Asthma Clinical Research Network. Saint Louis, MO.
The asthmatic response to the common cold is highly variable and early characteristics that predict worsening of asthma control following a cold have not been identified.
In this prospective multi-center cohort study of 413 adult subjects with asthma, we used the mini-Asthma Control Questionnaire (mini-ACQ) to quantify changes in asthma control and the Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey-21 (WURSS-21) to measure cold severity. Univariate and multivariable models examined demographic, physiologic, serologic, and cold-related characteristics for their relationship to changes in asthma control following a cold.
We observed a clinically significant worsening of asthma control following a cold (increase in mini-ACQ of 0.69+/-0.93). Univariate analysis demonstrated season, center location, cold length, and cold severity measurements all associated with a change in asthma control. Multivariable analysis of the covariates available within the first 2 days of cold onset revealed the day 2 and the cumulative sum of the day 1 and 2 WURSS-21 scores were significant predictors for the subsequent changes in asthma control.
In asthmatic subjects the cold severity measured within the first 2 days can be used to predict subsequent changes in asthma control. This information may help clinicians prevent deterioration in asthma control following a cold.