Asthma care issues in kindergarten teachers: an evaluation on knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy of asthma.

J Asthma. 2008 Sep;45(7):539-44. Hung CC, Huang GS, Lin CH, Gau BS. College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Institute of Health Policy and Management, Taiwan, Republic of China.

As frequently there is no school nurse in a kindergarten setting, teachers receiving non-medical training take the primary roles of symptom assessment and management of young children with asthma. This article presents the knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy of asthma in kindergarten teachers in Taiwan.

A total valid sample of 460 teachers was recruited from 70 kindergartens. Results showed most teachers understood the basic facts about asthma rather than the complex issues; they demonstrated positive attitudes toward having asthmatic children in class. Regarding self-efficacy, teachers lacked confidence in their ability to manage asthma attacks. Teachers' asthma knowledge showed a significant positive correlation with attitude (r = 0.27, p < 0.001) and self-efficacy knowledge (r = 0.23, p < 0.001).

Given the need to help kindergarten teachers take care of children with asthma, the implications of kindergarten teachers' in-service education and training to asthma care are also discussed.

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