Self-measurement and self-titration in hypertension a pilot telemedicine study
Am J Hypertens. 2007 Dec;20(12):1314-20.
Bobrie G, Postel-Vinay N, Delonca J, Corvol P; SETHI Investigators.
Department of Hypertension, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.
BACKGROUND: Because of poor patient compliance and clinical inertia, hypertension control rates remain poor. Home blood-pressure measurements (HBPM) improve compliance of patients and achievement of blood pressure (BP) targets. However, few studies have evaluated self-BP management by patients.
METHODS: In a multicenter, prospective, single-group, open-label pilot study of 111 patients whose hypertension was uncontrolled despite monotherapy, we studied satisfaction with, and feasibility of, HBPM and self-titration of antihypertensive treatment using telemedicine for compliance, efficacy, and safety. After education (protocol, action plan, and use of the HBPM device), patients performed a sequence of HBPM every 2 weeks for 8 weeks. Following a stepwise approach, treatment was increased by the patient at weeks 4 and 6 if average HBPM values exceeded predefined limits. For each titration, the patient informed the Core Center by telemedicine, but BP values were transferred automatically.
RESULTS: Overall, 80% of patients were satisfied (58%) or very satisfied (23%) with the program (95% confidence interval, 73% to 87%). Regarding compliance, 78% of patients fully complied with self-measurement, and just over 71% titrated their treatment adequately. Physicians were satisfied (52%) or very satisfied (22%) with the program. Between the first and final visits (at week 8), office systolic/diastolic BP (mean +/- SD) decreased significantly from 151 +/- 9/91 +/- 6 to 143 +/- 13/84 +/- 11 mmHg. During the trial, HBPM (mean +/- SD) decreased significantly from 149 +/- 13/86 +/- 12 to 138 +/- 16/81 +/- 10 mmHg. No significant safety issues were reported.
CONCLUSIONS: This innovative approach to the management of hypertension, combining self-measurement and self-titration, is feasible, well-accepted by both patients and physicians, and safe.