Body Weight Telemetry Is Useful to Reduce Interdialytic Weight Gain in Patients with End-Stage Renal Failure on Hemodialysis.
Lacking compliance with liquid intake restrictions is one of the major problems in patients on hemodialysis and causes an increased mortality. In 120 patients on hemodialysis with an average interdialytic weight gain (IWG) exceeding 1.5 kg on at least 2 days during the 4 weeks preceding the intervention, the effect of telemetric body weight measurement (TBWM) on IWG, ultrafiltration rate, and blood pressure was evaluated over a period of 3 months. Patients of the telemetric group (TG) were supplied with automatic scales, which transferred the weight via telemetry on a daily basis. In the case of IWG of more than 0.75 kg/24 h, a telephonic contact was made as required, and in the case of an IWG of more than 1.5 kg, telephonic contacting was obligatory along with the advice of a liquid intake restriction to 0.5 L/day until the next dialysis. The patients of the control group (CG) received standard treatment without telemetric monitoring. We examined specific data of the second interdialytic interval (IDI2) and the average within 1 week. The average difference of IWG between TG and CG was not significant before the start of the study but 0.2 kg (p=0.027) (IDI2)/0.27kg (p=0.001) (WP) at the end of the study, respectively. The average difference in the ultrafiltration rate within 1 week was 19.0 mL/h (p=0.282) (IDI2)/8.2 mL/h (p=0.409) before the start of the study but 28.4 mL/h (p=0.122) (IDI2)/30.9 mL/h (p=0.004) at the end of the study, respectively.
Thus, TBWM is a feasible method for optimizing the IWG and reducing the ultrafiltration rate.