Mobile Telemonitoring for Arrhythmias in Outpatients in the Republic of Georgia: A Brief Report of a Pilot Study
Telemedicine and e-Health. September 2012, 18(7): 570-571. doi:10.1089/tmj.2011.0170. Zviad Kirtava, Thea Gegenava, Maka Gegenava, Zviad Matoshvili, Sofia Kasradze, and Pavle Kasradze.
As the very first trial of mobile telemedicine in the Republic of Georgia, in June–December 2010 we investigated 35 outpatients with different types of arrhythmia (male/female ratio=16/19; 12–80 years old), among them 5 patients with concomitant epilepsy. The control group comprised 7 clinically healthy sportsmen (soccer players, all men; 15–17 years old), during a 30-min velo ergometer stress test. A three-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) loop recorder was used in automatic mode, using special LRMA software and a Nokia model 6730 Symbian phone. Automatically recorded arrhythmia events were transmitted from the loop recorder by Bluetooth to a phone and then by 3G to the server in Germany and were available to Georgian physicians via e-mail/Internet. Arrhythmias were recorded/monitored during 7–68 h of observation. The number of automatically recorded ECG events varied between 3 and 170 per observation, or 0.4–10.7 hourly. Cases of sinus brady- and tachyarrhythmia, sinus node weakness syndrome, atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, supraventricular premature complexes, and ventricular premature complexes were correctly recognized by automatic recognition software and recorded. In 3 patients and 1 sportsman previously unspecified (despite multiple investigations), arrhythmias were recorded: paroxysmal tachycardia (n=1), sinus node weakness syndrome (n=1), and ventricular premature complexes (n=2). In 3 cases (all women) light insomnia and nervousness were reported. In 2 patients with neurosis (both elderly men, 1 with epilepsy) we had to stop investigation prematurely because of anxiety/agitation. Mobile telecardiology represents feasible methodology to monitor arrhythmias in outpatients in Georgia, promoting earlier discharge of non–life-threatening cases, improving patients' comfort of life, and increasing their mobility with enhanced safety. Mobile telehealth might also represent significant cost-saving for insurance companies (this is an ongoing study). Finally, in remote areas mobile telemonitoring of patients will improve quality of care by timely provision of a second opinion in cases when local expertise is not sufficient.