Child and Caregiver Involvement and Shared Decision-Making during Asthma Pediatric Visits.

J Asthma. 2011 Oct 25. Sleath BL, Carpenter DM, Sayner R, Ayala GX, Williams D, Davis S, Tudor G, Yeatts K. Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine (1) the extent to which caregivers and children asked asthma management questions during pediatric asthma visits; (2) the extent to which providers engaged in shared decision-making with these caregivers and children; and (3) the factors associated with question asking and shared decision-making.

Methods: Children aged 8-16 years with mild persistent asthma, moderate persistent asthma, or severe persistent asthma and their caregivers were recruited at five pediatric practices in non-urban areas of North Carolina. All of the medical visits were audio tape recorded. Generalized estimating equations were used to analyze the data.

Results: Only 13% of children and 33% of caregivers asked one or more questions about asthma management. Caregivers were more likely to ask questions about their child's medications. Providers obtained child input into their asthma management plan during only 6% of encounters and caregiver input into their child's asthma management plan during 10% of visits.

Conclusion: Given the importance of involving patients during healthcare visits, providers need to consider asking for and including child and caregiver inputs into asthma management plans so that shared decision-making can occur more frequently.

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